It’s no wonder if you talk about the various cultures that exist in Indonesia. Because Indonesia is known as a country rich in natural wealth and cultural diversity. One of the traditional arts that is quite famous not only in the country, but also internationally.
Batik is indeed one of Indonesia’s traditional crafts that has been legendary and received recognition from UNESCO. In Indonesia itself has many types of batik motifs, one of which is East Java Province which consists of many districts. Of course, there are many kinds of batik motifs found in every area of East Java.
What’s the explanation like? Just take a look at the list of East Java batik motifs along with their explanations and meanings below.
The city of Tuban as one of the places located on the northern coast of Java Island, is not inferior in the problem of developing its own batik design. In the early days of its appearance, Tuban batik got a considerable influence from Chinese culture.
This is indicated by the lok chan motif which is very famous in the Tuban area. In addition to the lok chan motif, there are also other motifs that are no less famous in the form of tiger motifs and cutouts.
The use of color elements in Tuban batik motifs initially used blue, red noni, black and yellow colors. However, with the passage of time, the use of colors is also increasingly diverse.
Where there is also Tuban batik which uses white color (white background with a combination of dark blue and black), pipitan color (white color with the addition of red and dark blue).
The batik that develops in Tuban City can be said to be the most typical of East Java. Because the process in making batik starts from the fabric used to make batik spun directly from cotton.
Then the cotton rolls will be woven into threads and woven, after becoming sheets of cloth then batik is made. The batik motif that I mean is commonly referred to by the local community as batik gedog.
In a book entitled “Batik Fabled Cloth of Java” written by Inger McCabe Elliot. He explained that Tuban batik had little in common with batik motifs found in the Cirebon area in the mid-19th century.
This equation exists as a result of the use of spun yarn materials and the use of red and blue colors during the dyeing process.
Very few people know that Banyuwangi batik is one of the beautiful motifs that are spread in Indonesia. There are many original batik motifs originating from Blambangan, but until now only 21 types of motifs have been recognized nationally.
Basically all the names of various Banyuwangi batik motifs are influenced by the natural conditions of the local area. For example, like the elephant oling motif which is quite famous, because the motif is in the form of a unique animal such as an eel whose size is quite large.
There are also other motifs in the form of sembruk worms and the gedegan (woven bamboo) motif, all of which are depictions of the natural wealth of Blambangan earth. But keep in mind that Banyuwangi batik motifs will be very difficult to find in other areas, because they have become typical of this area itself.
Besides Tuban and Banyuwangi, there is also Madura Island which is famous for its karapan cattle and salt fields. Madura is still an area in East Java, you know, and it turns out that there are also many people who are pursuing batik, even having a variety of colors and motifs that are no less interesting than other regions.
Madurese batik motifs basically use natural colors, so the colors are quite bright and striking. Apart from striking colors such as red, green and yellow, Madura batik also has a variety of interesting motifs.
Various types of motifs that develop and are quite famous on the island of Madura include spearheads, rhombus, and knitting.
However, there are also some Madurese batik motifs that carry the theme of various flora and fauna that surround their lives.
If you hear the name Ponorogo, of course you will remember the very famous art of this area in the form of reog. However, it should also be noted that it is not only reog art that is owned by Ponorogo, there is also a very legendary batik art.
There are approximately 25 motifs scattered in various areas of the Ponorogo district which are very diverse and unique. Various motifs that are quite well known from this area include fighting peacock, romantic peacock, sekar universe and reog motif.
The various motifs that are spread out, on average, are still related to the art of Reog which prioritizes the peacock as the main character.
Basically, all batik motifs from Mojokerto take patterns from nature in human life. As I mentioned above, in the form of a plate of sapur which is a depiction of a bamboo clump with dangling leaves and a peacock fighting.
While the color elements used in the motif tend to be white with blue bamboo stalks, while the leaves are black.
This East Java batik motif originating from Mojokerto is quite interesting and unique, one of which is the collapsed bamboo motif which has the same pattern as a slanted bamboo plant. While on the mrico perforated motif, the pattern is in the form of a perforated pepper circle.
Kediri Regency also does not want to be left behind in contributing batik motifs in East Java. Even Kediri has made batik as an icon of its city, besides being known as the city of tofu.
Indeed, various processed foods made from tofu can be found in the city of Kediri.
While the variety of famous batik motifs from the city of Kediri is the bolleches motif, which is a motif that uses circles and dots. Usually this motif can be said by the people of Kediri as a symbol of hospitality.
Batik motifs originating from Lamongan in an effort to contribute to cultural wealth in East Java have quite complex motifs. It also includes the traditional written motifs which are made to require precision from the craftsmen.
In general, the motifs originating from Lamongan Regency represent the features of its natural wealth, such as flora and fauna.
In contrast to the Lamongan batik motif, Tulungagung batik is a type of batik that has existed before and is being developed. It is also said that the development of batik in Tulungagung started from Tulungagung, which was formerly known as Bonorowo, which was conquered by the Majapahit Kingdom.
Various areas in Tulungagung became famous as centers for batik craftsmen, such as Sembung Village and Majan Village.
Currently, there are approximately 86 Tulungagung batik motifs that have been developed. However, from the number of motifs there are the most famous motifs in the form of the gringsing ceprik bouquet, the pacit ceprik bouquet and the slope of the bouquet.
The city of Surabaya does not want to lose in contributing to the variety of batik motifs in East Java. The most famous motifs from the Surabaya area are the sura (shark) and baya (crocodile) motifs which are fighting like the icon of the city of Surabaya.
In addition, Surabaya also has other motifs such as Cheng Ho batik and Rungkut mangrove batik.
Besides Surabaya, Malang City also doesn’t want to lose in donating a wealth of motifs in batik. The motif of Malang City is almost the same as Surabaya, namely taking the icon and life in the area.
For example, such as the Malang monument, tassel lion, crown, lotus flower, statues, city monuments to Malangan masks. However, there is also another motif from Malang which is quite well-known in the form of a well-developed kucawara motif.