East Java is the easternmost province on the island of Java. The capital city is Surabaya and has the second largest population after West Java. Well, like other regions in Indonesia, East Java also has its own customs, culture, and characteristics. One of them is in the traditional house.
The shape and design of the traditional house of East Java is influenced by the tribes that inhabit this area. such as the Madurese, Tengger, Osing and Bawean tribes. Well, of the many traditional houses in East Java, one of the most famous is Joglo.
Yes, it is almost the same as the traditional houses of Central Java and Yogyakarta. However, there are actually some basic differences between Joglo houses from some areas and those in East Java. To find out, let’s discuss in the reviews below about Joglo houses and other East Javanese traditional houses:
Joglo Traditional House
At first glance, the shape of the East Java Joglo house is similar to the traditional house of Central Java. However, more specifically, the traditional house of East Java is called the Joglo Situbondo house. This house has the shape of a pyramid or gepak virgin, uniquely, this house is made of teak wood as the basic building material.
Joglo Situbondo house implies the Kejawen belief of the Javanese society which is based on syncretism. The layout of the Joglo house symbolizes the harmony between humans and others and humans and the natural environment.
Starting from the foundation, the number of saka guru (main pillars), bebatur (leveled land and higher than the surrounding land), as well as the ornaments that make up the Joglo house reflect the personality of the people of East Java. There are 4 saka gurus that function as roof bridging in the form of a brunjung.
Each saka is supported by an umpak that uses a purus system. As a stabilizer, this traditional house uses blandar, slings, sunduk, and kilik. Before entering the main room of this Situbondo Joglo house, there is a makara or selur gelung (ornate door). This decoration serves as a repellent to negative things in the house according to public belief.
There are two rooms that complement this Joglo Situbondo house, namely the pavilion to receive guests, and the back room as the bedroom and kitchen. The 3 parts of the Joglo Situbondo house include the senthong tengen (right room) for the kitchen and warehouse, senthong kiwa (left room) for the bedroom, and senthong Tengah (middle room) as a place to store valuables such as heirlooms and gold.
Using Traditional House
Using comes from Banyuwangi Regency, which is the easternmost part of Java Island which borders the Bali Strait. If you visit Kemiren Village, Glagah District, Banyuwangi, then a village with traditional houses will lie before your eyes. You can feel the old Banyuwangi atmosphere.
There are three types of Using traditional houses, namely Tikel Balung, Baresan, and Crocogan. The three can be distinguished based on the number of roof areas or their rab. In the Tikel Balung traditional house, the roof covering area is four, in Baresan there are three, and Crocogan has only two.
While the division of the house is exactly the same, which consists of 4 rooms including hek or baleh, ampet, jerumah, and pawon. Ampet is part of the terrace to receive guests, hek or baleh is a barrier between public and private spaces, jerumah is the living room, while pawon is the kitchen.
Tenggerese Traditional House
The next East Java traditional house is from the Tengger tribe. This house was built by the Tengger people who live on the slopes of Mount Bromo, Ranupane, Lumajang, East Java. The hallmark of this house is that it is not terraced and is not a type of house on stilts.
The structure of the house is composed of boards or logs. On the roof ridge is very high so it seems steep. There are only one or two windows in this house. At the front of the house there are bales for seating. The shape resembles a couch.
This East Javanese traditional house has an irregular pattern and is arranged in groups, close to each other, and also separated by a narrow pedestrian path. Its function is to ward off wind attacks and cold weather that hit. This pattern causes the wind cannot hit the house because it is blocked by a collection of houses.
Limasan Trajumas Traditional House
The shape of this traditional house is the development of the Limasan Trajumas house model with the addition of an overhang around the building. The slope of the emper is different from the main roof. There is a pillar in the middle so that two rong-rongan are formed in the interior.
The roof of this house consists of four sides, each in two layers. This house has 20 pillars as the main structure so that the building will look symmetrical. The majority of building materials are strong fiber wood so that they can accept compressive and atrical forces. The wood commonly used is teak, glugu, rosewood, jackfruit, and other types.
Dhurung Traditional House
This house is in the form of a hut, the walls are not equipped with bamboo or wood. The roof of the house is made of tassels of pohan leaves. In the Bawean language, this pohan leaf is called dheun. The East Javanese traditional house Dhurung is used as a place to rest after working in the fields and fields.
Dhurung is also used as a place to socialize with the community. In fact, it is also used to find a mate. Dhurung is placed on the side or front of the house. size itself can be large and small. For large sizes, it is more multi-functional because it can be used for rice granaries.
Dhurung has a beautiful carving art value. This house is equipped with jhelepang or rat traps that disturb rice plants. However, you will rarely find this house in East Java.
Joglo Jompongan and Sinom Traditional Houses
This East Java traditional house is a type of Joglo house. Joglo Jompongan uses two rodents and has a square plan. This house can be regarded as the basis of the Joglo house.
Meanwhile, the Joglo Sinom house has 36 pillars. 4 of them are saka guru or main pillars. The form of the Joglo Sinom house building follows the development of other types of Joglo houses, namely on each side there is a terrace.
Limasan Lambang Sari Traditional House
This house has unique characteristics compared to other Limasan models. The location of its uniqueness is in the roof-forming construction in the form of connecting beams. The pillars of this house are 16 pieces with a 4-sided roof. This building has one ridge that connects the 4 sides of the roof.
The material is hard and strong wood. The foundation itself is in the form of an umpak with a purus in the middle of the lower pillar. Its function is to lock the pole or column.
These are the types of traditional houses in East Java. Hopefully it will add to your knowledge and insight regarding the rich cultural heritage and customs of this beloved country.